Proposed by Kevin Ashton in 1999, the Internet of Things (IoT) refers to identifiable objects and their virtual representation in an Internet-like structure.
The Internet of Things was previously known as “control networks,” a concept which Reza Raji discussed as “moving small packets of data to a large set of nodes, so as to integrate and automate everything from home appliances to entire factories.” In 1998, Raji created the earliest documented IoT web-based demonstration, which made possible remote control and monitoring of home devices via a camera interfaced to a special web page.
The Internet of Things became popular primarily through the Auto-ID Center at MIT and related market analysis publications. Today, the term “Internet of Things” is commonly used to signify advanced connectivity devices, systems and services that go beyond machine-to-machine communications and covers a variety of protocols, domains and applications. According to Gartner, there will be nearly 26 billion IoT devices by 2020.