In June 2013, Edward Snowden released to media outlets thousands of classified National Security Agency (NSA) documents disclosing the existence of global surveillance programs. Snowden obtained the documents while working as an NSA contractor for Dell and Booz Allen Hamilton.
On June 14, 2014, the U.S. Department of Justice charged Snowden with two counts of violating the Espionage Act and theft of government property. Snowden traveled to Moscow and eventually was granted temporary asylum in Russia. In August 2014, he was given permission to remain in Russia for three years.