Founded in 2004 by Peter Thiel, Joe Lonsdale, Alex Karp, Stephen Cohen and Nathan Gettings, Palantir is an American computer software and services company that specializes in data analytics. The software concept grew out of the technology developed at PayPal to detect fraudulent activity. Palantir’s products include Palantir Gotham, used by counter-terrorism analysts at U.S. intelligences offices, fraud investigators and cyber analysts, and Palantir Metropolis, used by hedge funds, banks and financial services firms.