USA FREEDOM Act

Introduced in both houses of the U.S. Congress in October 2013, the USA FREEDOM Act, (or United and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ending Eavesdropping, Dragnet-Collection and Online Monitoring Act) is a bill intended to end the bulk collection of Americans’ metadata, introduce a “Special Advocate” to represent public and privacy matters and end the secret laws created by the FISA court. Other proposed changes include limits to programs like PRISM, which retains Americans’ Internet data, and greater transparency by allowing companies to disclose information about government demands for information. The House of Representatives passed the bill May 22, 2014, but the Senate tabled further consideration during the 113th Congress. A modified version was introduced in both houses in April 2015. After passing both houses the bill was signed into law by President Obama on June 2, 2015.